Buckminsterfullerene-olive oil production process
For those interested in the process from raw “buckyballs” to Buckminsterfullerene in extra virgin olive oil, what follows is our method of producing it. This article is regularly updated to reflect our impriving production process.
We buy 99.5% pure C60 from Solaris in Canada. The substance looks like a coarse black powder.
In order to achieve our target purity of 99.95%, the remaining solvent has to be evaporated in a vacuum oven, and for that to go as quickly as possible, as well as to achieve our unparalleled 900 mg/l solubility, the C60 powder first has to be micronized to greatly increase its surface area. We do this with a Retsch RM200 machine (we paid $8000,- for a new machine) which achieves a fine brown powder with a particle size of 10 μM after one hour of grinding ten teaspoons full. The small particle size allows us to stir much less than the two weeks required with coarse powder to dissolve all the C60, which helps preserve the oil’s quality.
C60, along with many other fullerenes is produced in arc generators, using very pure Carbon electrodes. The resulting soot is dissolved in rather unhealthy solvents, and a small percentage of the solvent will be trapped in the crystal matrix. It is hard to ascertain the veracity of manufacturers’ claims on purity, and if they do not vacuum-oven dry the C60 first, our end product would have a substantial amount of potentially carcinogenic solvent in it. That solvent is used during the liquid chromatographic separation process, where the C60 is separated from the other fullerenes. Because vacuum oven-dried pure C60 is much expensive than “ordinary” pure C60, the only economical way to produce C60 oil is to vacuum dry a “pure” C60 yourself. That way you will be 100% certain that the final product is bona-fide. We only purchase from reputable vendors in North America, since there are scammers selling C60 as well.
Then comes the mixing stage. C60 doesn’t dissolve in water at all, and it is only very poorly soluble in edible oils such as olive oil, the oil used in the original c60 rat study.
We use an protected-atmosphere 50 l stirring vessel.
Very important is the exact type and brand of olive oil used. Olive oil is adulterated worldwide, and what is generally sold in supermarkets as extra virgin, is no such thing – neither is it often truly pure olive oil at all, but instead cut with cheaper oils. Because we do not know whether (part of) the anti-aging effect is due to certain types of fatty acids in the olive oil used or due to antioxidant compounds in the cold-pressed, unfiltered oil, we think it is of prime importance to use the absolute best extra virgin olive oil in the world. We went to a Cretan village and watched how the olives were pressed and the containers filled in our presence. Our oil is unfiltered, because the sediments contain a variety of unique antioxidant compounds that we don’t want to lose, especially not since it has been postulated by researchers that the chlorophyl in combination with the C60 may have something to do with the life-extension effect. The original researchers used a high-quality Tunesian oil that one of the researchers, a Tunesian, himself imported from a Tunesian village, so we decided to do the same, only with a Cretan village.
We use hot-air sterilized brown glass bottles. It is known from the study that the C60 acts as an extremely potent preservative, keeping the oil unoxidized for years. The glass bottles are sterilized in a hot air sterilizer, and the oil is, after centrifuging, filtered through a filter with a pore size of 0.22 μm, small enough to block all bacteria. We must use glass bottles, because the C60 is thought to react with the plastic, in addition to the fact the we do not want any volatile compounds such as phtalates in the plastics to end up in the oil.
We use a Thermo IEC Centra GP8R which centrifuges three liters per batch, taking one hour. We paid 4000 dollars for this used machine. Centrifuging is the first step in assuring a product free from small particles. Vacuum filtration is the final step. The bottles are filled with a Fortuna Optifix 50 ml dispenser. Finally, the bottles are sealed with heat shrink band and stored cold until they are sold.
The purity is 99.95%:
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