Buckminsterfullerene-olive oil production process

For those interested in the process from raw "buckyballs" to Buckminsterfullerene in extra virgin olive oil, what follows is our method of producing it. This article is regularly updated to reflect our improving production process.

We buy 99.5% pure C60 from Solaris in Canada and not from cheap Russian vendors who sell impure C60 or from the Chinese-owned-and-operated SES. The substance looks like a coarse black powder.

We used to micro-grind the C60 in order to achieve a faster mixing time, using this Retsch RM200 machine (we paid $8000,- for a new machine), but we don't do that anymore.


We now achieve a fast mixing time without micropulverization (extremely messy to transfer the resulting powder, with C60 ending up smeared on the table, also due to static electricity ending up on the floor, clothes, hands, light switches and only "removable" - smearing it thinner and wider - with oil...), because we bought a custom-made Mixer Direct mixer in the US for 30,000 USD:

This beast weighs 750 lbs and cost 2000 USD to ship. The actual mixer is inside the black soundproofed cabinet. It uses a vibrating metal plate, a kind of "infrasound" which, unlike ultrasound, does not warm up the oil. It takes just a few days to dissolve the C60 due to the fact that such a machine is much more effective than a magnetic- or overhead stirrer. We vacuum-dry Solaris' c60 to 99.95%. That way you we are 100% certain that the final product is bona-fide. We only purchase from reputable vendors in North America, since there are scammers selling C60 as well.

Then comes the mixing stage. C60 doesn't dissolve in water at all, and it is only very poorly soluble in edible oils such as olive oil, the oil used in the original c60 rat study.

We use an 25 gallon recirculation vessel and mix under complete darkness, since light has been theorized to be able to negatively effect lipofullerene C60 - something we have no found scientific evidence for yet. However to better be safe than sorry, we switched to using bottles with pitch-black glass from Miron in the Netherlands:

Very important is the exact type and brand of olive oil used. Olive oil is adulterated worldwide, and what is generally sold in supermarkets as extra virgin, is no such thing - neither is it often truly pure olive oil at all, but instead cut with cheaper oils. Because we do not know whether (part of) the anti-aging effect is due to certain types of fatty acids in the olive oil used or due to antioxidant compounds in the cold-pressed, unfiltered oil, we think it is of prime importance to use the absolute best extra virgin olive oil in the world. We went to a Cretan village and watched how the olives were pressed and the containers filled in our presence. Our oil is unfiltered, because the sediments contain a variety of unique antioxidant compounds that we don't want to lose, especially not since it has been postulated by researchers that the chlorophyl in combination with the C60 may have something to do with the life-extension effect. The original researchers used a high-quality Tunesian oil that one of the researchers, a Tunesian, himself imported from a Tunesian village, so we decided to do the same, only with a Cretan village.


Update: Nowadays we source our oil from another Cretan village. They sell their oil online on http://www.cretanoliveoilfarm.com

The oil is, after centrifuging for half an hour at 5000g, filtered through a filter with a pore size of 0.22 uM, small enough to block all CFU's (Colony Forming Units: bacteria & fungal spores). We use glass bottles because we do not want any volatile compounds such as phtalates in the plastics to end up in the oil.

We use a Thermo IEC Centra GP8R which centrifuges three liters per batch, taking one hour. We paid 4000 dollars for this used machine. It refrigerates as it spins, avoiding a warmup of the oil. Centrifuging is the first step in assuring a product free from small particles. Vacuum filtration is the final step. The bottles used to be manually filled with a Fortuna Optifix 50 ml dispenser but nowadays we use a Chinese-made automatic filler. We used to seal the bottles manually with heat shrink band but our new bottles have pipettes with an integrated seal. We used to close our bottles with a manual tool but nowadays we use a Kinex Cappers electric capping machine.

We used to produce bottles for many months at a time because we stored it in a cellar in Swedish Lapland where it was always cold, but nowadays we do "just-in-time" production close to our dispatch center so there is no significant storage involved anymore. This allowed us to lower prices, since we don't pay for shipping from Lapland to our dispatch center anymore (postage from Sweden was prohibitively expensive). Also due to effective automation we could lower prices. Please note that we do NOT constantly update the product expiration labels because that leads to a lot of wastage of expensive color laser toner due to unused labels or running out of labels and constantly having to mess around with label printing. So the expiry date is "worst case" and based on how much we print them in advance. Rest assured that when you order a month later and the expiration date is still the same that we have NOT shipped the same old batch twice!

The purity is 99.95%:

C60 purity chromatography

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1.  Michael Mooney    Monday, July 30, 2012

I relish your transparency. But I worry that you'll get focused on my the powers-that-be, meaning FDA, for selling something that's not approved (in the USA) for human consumption, stating a recommended dosage for humans and making available information that would cause FDA to say that you're selling an "unapproved new drug."

Have you considered these things and other legal implications? 
Because you're selling from another country, the implication is that your products might be seized by US Customs.

The other approach, which is safer is what Carbon's site does. State little and say it's for research purposes only, not for human consumption.

Good luck, whatever you do.

2.  Sarah Vaughter    Monday, July 30, 2012

The FDA is literally a criminal organization under current US law. We are reserving the money we make on this product for online activism, detectives and lawyers, when the time comes. If we will ever suffer commercial damage due to the FDA, we will do everything in our power to expose the corruption in that organization. That will include spending a six-figure amount on private investigators, examining every detail of the FDA officer's lives and anything untoward will be published far and wide. Every scrap of information from the lives of every high-ranking FDA officer will be gone over with a fine-toothed comb, and it will be correlated with anything that could possibly be construed as corruption. We have already worked on this so that we'll be prepared in case the FDA starts trouble.

It is our opinion that the corrupt FDA's leadership belongs in jail and we will spare neither effort nor expense to make that happen if they'll ever cause a problem for us. And we will operate from the assumption that if anything untoward happens to our hosting, payment processor or domain registration, that the FDA is behind that, which would trigger the inevitable publication of hitherto unknown scandals about the corruption of certain FDA officials, past and present.

It would be better for the FDA to focus on people who are making millions by scamming others, not people like ourselves, who produce an honest, safe, useful product for a fair price. We sell only a few bottles a day at the time of writing so the FDA should have bigger fish to fry. As long as they allow MMS to be sold for example, they have no business harassing us.

3.  Michael Mooney    Monday, July 30, 2012

Hello Sarah,

I was given the “Activist of the Year” award in 1994 for my work helping to pass the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act, which protected vitamins and dietary supplements from being made into prescription items. FDA said, in the Federal Register, “They could not let the availability of dietary supplements act as a disincentive for the development of new drugs.” And then proposed to make vitamins prescription items.

We generated more letters to Congress than any issue in history and Congress passed our bill to stop the FDA.

So, we are of similar mind.

The one weak link for you is that they could cut off sales to the USA by using customs to stop your packages. But if the rest of the world supports y0u, that is part of the calculation.

I’ll be buying from you a some point.

Best wishes for success,

Michael Mooney


4.  Sarah Vaughter    Monday, July 30, 2012

Thank you - also for your efforts curtailing the FDA/Big Pharma.

I don't think everything is opened yet, in the US, as it is in most European countries. We ship from Europe, so there are no problems with European customs either. So far, there were no confiscations in any country.

We will fight back - we'll label it as ordinary olive oil if we have to. Of course, confiscated orders are refunded, if it ever will be necessary.

5.  Guest    Friday, August 24, 2012

She is outside of the US, and this product is 100% legal in the US.
Therefore, It doesn't matter what this site says.
There is nothing the FDA can do.

6.  Lovingterra    Monday, November 12, 2012

I bought 1 of this bottles. Haven't tried yet, as I am on HCG diet at the moment, but soon, in 3 weeks I will. I understand that I need to put few drops under the tong?

TGA (same as FDA but in australia) are criminals too. Look what they did with the black salve that treats 100% melanoma. They threatened the guy who used to sell salve even for animals. The outlawed black salve for human and animals. We bought before that. 3 members of my family treated melanoma with black salve 100 % effective. Good you can now find the original recipe how to make it but TGA even trying to outlaw the sale of ingredients, what wold we live in??? Governments poison their population with heavy metals and chemicals in tap water, herbal cancer cures are outlawed, free energy technology suppressed, i guess it is similar to hell, at lease to the upper layers of hell.....

7.  Sarah Vaughter    Monday, November 12, 2012

You can drip it straight into your mouth or mix it with food (I mix it into salad).

The problem with FDA-type institutions is that, in their zeal to protect us against ourselves and against scammers and unsafe products, that they inevitably go over the top and prevent our access to important remedies - also as a result of Big Pharma influence.

8.  Trefoglio    Thursday, November 22, 2012

The fullerene that you bought from SES is not vacuum dried, right?

9.  Sarah Vaughter    Thursday, November 22, 2012

Correct, we do that ourselves, since the price of the oven is earned back after purchasing the first 200 grams C60.

10.  Elijahforest101    Thursday, November 29, 2012

I was going to send this message in a letter but decided to just write here that I love your product Sarah! You are one of the few on earth with the integrity, kindness and spirit to bring us such a beautifully made product, with so many health benefits. You are a health guru god!

11.  Mborgula    Wednesday, February 13, 2013

what are the side affects?

12.  Sarah Vaughter    Wednesday, February 13, 2013

In rats, "side effects" are 90% life extension, 100% tumor-prevention and remaining on a weight typical for middle-age throughout old age, all the way until death of hitting the Hayflick limit. No other (side)effects were seen.

In humans, no side effects can possibly be reported with even the slightest degree of confidence, since one would need to do a carefully controlled double-blind, placebo-controlled study with approx. 1000 individuals. It does not look like this will be done in the near future, if ever.

However it is highly unlikely that an intracellular antioxidant would have any side effects apart from a protective (antioxidative) effect.

13.  solange leroy    Monday, October 28, 2013

salut sarah
je ne suis pas vraiment bilingue
pouvez vous m aider

pouvons nous commander cette huile

et si oui....combien ca coute

je suis a montreal

pouvons nous avoir le prix de l appareil


solange leroy

14.  Ilija    Tuesday, November 26, 2013

Hello Sarah. Can you please tell me what did you mean when you said: As long as they allow MMS to be sold for example, they have no business harassing us. I would like to have more information about MMS, i think I know a lot about it, but I would like to hear your opinion.

15.  Sarah Vaughter    Tuesday, November 26, 2013

MMS is a scam:


16.  Alissa    Friday, January 3, 2014

Did you see this site below? Would that be true that might be some errors?
I am wondering if you use C60 as a producer/manufacturer regularly? Thanks


17.  Sarah Vaughter    Friday, January 3, 2014

Yes, the authors of the study corrected a few things, such as having mistakenly used the same photo twice in the rat liver damage study. Correcting their error ended up showing a more protective effect of the C60 than the previous photo.

They were sloppy with the graphing software used as well (they said they'd never used it before), and they rectified the graphs. The general conclusion of the study still stands: C60 causes record longevity in rats. The study started as an ordinary toxicity study and the researchers were both inexperienced with more serious studies, as well as excited and rushed in getting their results published. That is why they killed the remaining rat (or even two rats, as it is rumored to have been said by one of the authors) so they could publish their amazing findings. Ironically, killing the remaining rat(s) would give even more substance to their findings - it would raise the average lifespan.

I don't use our C60 daily but we put an entire bottle in our salads - and we eat salad often. When we make a huge bowl, we put in two bottles. That's the luxury of being the producer..

From the link you gave:

"The Editor-in-Chief received two very detailed reports from referees who indicated that the methodology appeared sound and they both recommended acceptance after some revision. Neither referee nor the Editor-in-Chief noticed either error, and the revised paper was published. Due consideration has been given to the potential effect of these errors on the overall results and conclusions drawn, and so it has been decided the conclusions are still valid. The authors have provided explanations of how the errors were made during the preparation of graphics and images."

18.  MD, New Jersey    Friday, January 16, 2015

Hello Sarah, I would like to buy your product, where can I get it?
My email address is : jmarante12@optimum.net

19.  Vany    Wednesday, August 3, 2016


A recent study shows that "C60-olive oil solutions are sensitive to light and that commercially available options show evidence of degradation due to light, which may cause them to become toxic"
How do you handle this degradation due to light ?

20.  Sarah Vaughter    Wednesday, August 3, 2016

Firstly, this "research" by Ichor Therapeutics, a competitor of ours in the C60 anticancer/antiaging sphere, is highly questionable, especially because they did not publish it for peer review. It is possible that some of the more amateuristic vendors of C60 used impure, cheaper C60 and/or mixed the product under the influence of light, but still, the only risk of light exposure is rancidity, when pure C60 is used (without organic solvents). I would like to read their secret "study". As you know, most "research" done nowadays is not reproducable. To me it seems as if that company spreads FUD (fear, uncertainty, doubt) to guide potential customers towards their own products instead.

It is highly unlikely that this company has done mutagenicity studies on various commercially available C60-EVOO formulations for a variety of reasons, this is why I question the thruthfulness of their so far wholly unsubstantiated claim. It seems as if the real purpose of their claim is an aim to establish themselves as the sole vendor of a FDA regulated product.

The reason that this company comes with the allegation that competing products with their own planned c60 product "massively cause cancer" is because this NYC startup apparently aims to monopolize the market with their own, much more expensive, FDA-regulated anti-tumor product they're developing, of which manufacturing method, origin, composition and preparation are so far unpatented trade secrets. You just have to take them on their word that all C60-EVOO products made exactly as in the rat study (that prevented all cancer!) "massively cause cancer" but that their so-far-vaporware product "doesn't". Without giving any evidence whatsoever for neither claims.

Secondly, of course we protect our product against light, since it is an olive oil product and it would be foolish in the extreme to allow this very expensive product to be exposed to light, since rancidity would be the inevitable result, since the mixing takes such a long time. Since we can't sell rancid oil, this would mean that we'd have to discard the C60 inside the product as well, and C60 costs about the same as 24 carat gold powder of the same weight. A lot of useless batches would be the result. As we explain on our site, the product is mixed in a dark room in Swedish Lapland, in dark vessels and packaged in brown bottles and then stored in a dark, cold room in Swedish Lapland. On a "just in time" basis, the product is then shipped to the Czech Republic, where it is stored for no longer than two to four weeks in a dark unheated cellar in a house with massive stone walls, keeping cool even in summer. The bottles are packed with two in cardboard tubes and those tubes again are in large boxes.

Also, the C60 we purchase is "baked" by us in a vacuum oven to be absolutely certain that there really are no remaining solvents.

What we need to know is: What C60 did they buy and where, what product did they prepare with it and how, to what intensity and wavelength light did they expose the product and for how long, and how did they come up with a cancer-cuasing property of the resulting product. Because if you use impure C60, that by itself is carcinogenic, of course, due to the solvents used. The C60-EVOO used in the rat trial was highly anti-mutagenic and our product is prepared with even more care and stored cool (the rat study kept it out of the fridge for 6 years).

Ichor Therapeutics is trying to monopolize C60's anti-cancer properties as a licensed drug and part of their efforts is to get existing, unlicensed products off the market. It is hard to do this via FDA action, so instead they're spreading fear, uncertainty and doubt. It would be pointless to get hundreds of millions in funding for a product that's available online for a few dollars.

21.  JS    Friday, September 22, 2017

I have a question regarding your stir time. You claim to follow the French rat study protocol. Faithfully. But on the production process page of you site you make this statement ...”In order to achieve our target purity of 99.95%, the remaining solvent has to be evaporated in a vacuum oven, and for that to go as quickly as possible, as well as to achieve our unparalleled 900 mg/l solubility, the C60 powder first has to be micronized to greatly increase its surface area. We do this with a Retsch RM200 machine (we paid $8000,- for a new machine) which achieves a fine brown powder with a particle size of 10 µM after one hour of grinding ten teaspoons full. The small particle size allows us to stir much less than the two weeks required with coarse powder to dissolve all the C60, which helps preserve the oil's quality.”
This is contradictory to the original study done in France. So your statement about adherence to the original protocol is false.

22.  Sarah Vaughter    Friday, September 22, 2017

We will update this page to reflect that fact that we don't micropulverize anymore. Our purchase of a 30,000 USD Mixer Direct mixer did away with that requirement.

Mixing time is irrelevant - the only thing that counts is binding the C60 to the lipid chains.

The FUD about the formation of some "harmful epoxides", when micro-grinding, is nothing but that - FUD. C60 only forms epoxides under high temperatures and only under influence of a special catalyst.

The batch we're currently selling, as well as all other batches, use non-micronized C60. I refer to the extended store description and the to-be-updated version of this page to see a picture of our new MDX mixer, which weighs 750 lbs and uses infrasound "Audir" technology. Note how infrasound does not warm up the oil, in contrast to ultrasound. Infrasound simply is actual mechanical stirring by a vibrating plate, but very effectively so, applying great shear forces on continuously refreshed product.

23.  MS    Friday, October 13, 2017

The original study claims that C60 (purity %99.98) was used. You start with %99.5 and claim it goes to %99.95. I have couple questions:

1. Do you know what is the essence of the %0.05 impurities? Is there a chance that these are nano particles with unknown structures and unknown toxicity.

2. How do you measure the purity of %99.95? Is it verified by somebody else?

Thank you!

24.  Sarah Vaughter    Friday, October 13, 2017

1. Yes, the impurities are mainly other fullerenes such as C70. The C70 molecule looks nearly identical to C60 and when you look at its chemical properties, should be slightly better in donating/accepting electrons than C60. Certainly no toxicity, neither with the other impurities, which are simple carbon compounds.

2. By Chromatography. The chromatogram at the end of this article was made for us by SES in the US.

25.  Sarah Vaughter    Friday, October 13, 2017

I forgot to say that "we claim it goes from 99.5% to 99.95%" is not due to magic - it's due to the same process as the original manufacturers use to attain that purity: Vacuum drying so that the solvent evaporates, used in the production. With the quantities of C60 we're purchasing (1 kg at a time), the price of a good vacuum oven is earned back at the first purchase of 99.5% instead of 99.95%.

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